In the United States the sole resident armadillo is the nine banded armadillo. Their range is as far east as South Carolina and Florida, and as far north as North Dakota, but is most common in the central southernmost states particularly Texas. The armadillo, in fact, is the state small mammal of Texas.
- The word “armadillo” means “little armored one”.
This species of armadillo can live 7-20 years in the wild. The oldest known Nine-banded Armadillo in captivity lived to be 23 years old.
- Nine-banded Armadillos give birth to four young at a time, and the young are identical quadruplets!
- Nine-banded Armadillos have an excellent sense of smell. They travel with their noses just above the ground, sniffing for food under the surface. They also have a good sense of hearing. These senses help to compensate for their poor vision.
A Nine-banded Armadillo can hold its breath for up to 6 minutes! This comes in handy when crossing shallow rivers or streams. They cross by either swimming or walking across the riverbed